Henry VIII, the Reign
Wolsey,the Road to His Fall
In the summer of 1527, Pope Clement was a prisoner and languished in the stench of cramped confinement in the Mausoleum of Hadrian, known as Castel Sant'Angelo in Rome. He was surrounded by thousands of wild, depraved men – robbers, rapists and murderers – who, if they were able to get in, would despoil him as they had the rest of the holy city.
Clement had been locked in at the Mausoleum since the beginning of May when the starving, penniless, marauding army of rebel Frenchman led by the Duke of Bourbon arrived. Bourbon, disinherited by the Valois King Francis I of France and his mother Louise, had, in 1523, become a turncoat and had gone over to the imperialist side of the Habsburg Charles V in his war against the League of Cognac. Pope Clement was a principle member of the Cognac alliance and as such was a bitter enemy.
By the spring of 1527, however, Bourbon’s anarchistic army was destitute, unpaid, unfed and unsheltered in northern Italy and, to the horror of Christendom, it violently satisfied its wants via the wealth of Rome and its inhabitants.
In Six Parts Wolsey,the Road to His Fall