Henry VIII,the Reign
c.1516 – 19 January 1547
Earl of Surrey, KG
Henry Howard Profile
Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, KG was an English aristocrat, and one of the founders of English Renaissance poetry. He was a first cousin of both Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard.
Born in Hunsdon, Hertfordshire, Henry Howard was the eldest son of Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, and his second wife, the former Lady Elizabeth Stafford , the daughter of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, and was therefore descended from kings on both sides of his family. King Edward I on his father's side and King Edward III on his mother's side.
He was brought up at Windsor with Henry VIII's illegitimate son Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset, and they became friends and, later, brothers-in-law upon the marriage of Surrey's sister to Fitzroy.Like his father and grandfather, he was a brave and able soldier, serving in Henry VIII's French wars as Lieutenant General of the King on Sea and Land. He was imprisoned for rash behaviour, on one occasion for striking a courtier, on another for wandering through the streets of London breaking the windows of sleeping people. He assumed the title Earl of Surrey in 1524 when his grandfather died and his father became Duke of Norfolk.
In 1532 he accompanied his first cousin Anne Boleyn, the King, and the Duke of Richmond to France, staying there for more than a year as a member of the entourage of Francis I of France.
In 1536 his first son, Thomas ,later 4th Duke of Norfolk, was born, Anne Boleyn was executed on charges of adultery and treason, and the Duke of Richmond died at the age of seventeen and was buried at the Howard’s,Thetford Abbey. In 1536 Surrey also served with his father against the Pilgrimage of Grace rebellion
Surrey was imprisoned and both he and his father were sentenced to death on 13 January 1547. Surrey was beheaded on 19 January 1547 on a charge of treasonably quartering the royal arms. His father survived execution because the king died the day before it was due to take place.