Henry VIII,the Reign
The Royal Progress 1535
Portchester to Windsor
Page 4 of 4
In March 1533, Henry promised that he would repair the insult to Kings Henry II and John, who had been tricked into offering the realm in tribute to the Holy See. He was also determined to reunite the crown with the goods churchmen had appropriated from it.
4 Oct 1535
The entourage travelled to Portchester by the ship Harry Grace Dieu.
Henry II made much use of Portchester Castle and met here with the Bishop of Évreux during his conflict with Thomas Becket who defended the exiled archbishop.
As did his father, King John often stayed at Portchester Castle and was there when he heard of the loss of Normandy 1204. Portchester was also the departure point of missions to France in 1205 and 1213, when John launched his failed attempt to recover Normandy from Philip Augustus, King of France.
After signing the Magna Carta in 1215, John appealed to the pope to annul it and the rebel barons were excommunicated in September. The rebels turned to France for help, and they offered the English throne to the French king’s oldest son. Cromwell used this history to manipulate Henry, claiming the current dauphin, abetted by the de Boulognes, threatened to take the English throne for himself.
Return to Southampton, Hampshire
5 Oct 1535
A certain Richard Towris writing from Portsmouth on 28 September to Lord Lisle had apparently heard the plans for the route the for the next few days.
‘The French ambassadors are yet at the Court. This day se'nnight the King will be at the Harry Grace Dieu, at night at the castle of Porchester, thence to Hampton, so to Salisbury and Claryngton [Clarendon]. "And as no (now), ther is commandment that the see shall have is course to Wynchester, and that the myllys shalbe stoppyd along uppon the ryver; for I harde Mayster Secretary speke in the premyssez to Thomas Fyscher of Woodnyll, commanding him nat to speke against the said water course.’ (LP Vol IX no 467)
There was however an another route
Beaulieu Abbey, Hampshire
Possibly early October
Henry VIII did now head towards Salisbury but it is likely that the royal party, detached from the main entourage, went by water upstream on the Beaulieu River to Beaulieu Abbey, founded by King John in 1203. Somewhat ironically, the river was used as a location to depict the River Thames in Fred Zinnemann’s 1966 Oscar-winning A Man for All Seasons, a film sympathetic to the Roman Catholic Thomas More’s struggle against his Protestant nemesis, Thomas Cromwell.
Beaulieu was acquired by Thomas Wriothesley after the dissolution.
10 Oct 1535
Henry lodged at the house of John Tuchet, eighth Baron Audley, whose forefathers were keepers of Brecknock and Llandovery castles and married into the Stafford family.
Nicholas Shaxton had been appointed as Bishop of Salisbury earlier in the year to replace the ousted non-resident Cardinal Lorenzo Campeggio, who had presided with Wolsey at the Blackfriars trial in 1529.
At Salisbury, ‘the king having considered the letter to Cromwell from Lady Brian [Margaret née Bourchier]and other of the Princess’s officers, has determined that she [Princess Elizabeth] shall be weaned with all diligence, and that Langley shall be put in readiness’. That dashed any hopes for a matrimonial union with the French; instead of being sent to live with a French family, Elizabeth was being placed in England. Anne was desperate.
Clarendon Palace, Wiltshire
c.12 Oct 1535
The palace was a royal residence during the Middle Ages and was the location of the Assize of Clarendon, which developed the Constitutions of Clarendon.
The Constitutions of Clarendon were a set of legislative procedures passed by Henry II in 1165. The Constitutions were composed of sixteen articles and represented an attempt to restrict ecclesiastical privileges, curb the power of the church courts, and reduce the extent of papal authority in England. In the anarchic conditions of Henry II’s predecessor, Stephen, the church had extended its jurisdiction by taking advantage of the weakness of royal authority.
The Constitutions were claimed to restore the judicial customs observed during the reign of Henry I, while in fact they were a part of Henry II’s larger expansion of royal jurisdiction into the church and civil law.
The Vyne, Sherbourne St John, Hampshire
15 Oct 1535
Onward to William Sandys’s place The Vyne at Sherborne St John. His mother was Margaret, the daughter of Sir John Cheney.
Sherborne St John was once the home of Sir Bernard Brocas, who was chamberlain to Richard II’s queen, Anne of Bohemia. She was an arch-protector of John Wycliffe and an inspiration to fellow Bohemian Jan Hus, whose sermons in turn motivated Martin Luther.
‘I was overwhelmed with astonishment’, Luther wrote of John Hus. ‘I could not understand for what cause they had burnt so great a man, who explained the Scriptures with so much gravity and skill.’
Within a few months, William Sandys would escort Anne de Boulogne from Greenwich into Sir William Kingston’s custody in the Tower of London.
Basing House, Hampshire
19 Oct 1535
Basing House was the home of Sir William Paulet (or Pawlett), the Somerset family from the manor of the same name, a few miles from the Seymours at Hatch Beauchamp at Chaucer at North Petherton. Sir William’s great-grandfather married Constance Poynings, daughter of Thomas, fifth Baron St John of Basing.
The first Lord St John of Basing’s daughter Margaret married John de Beauchamp of Hatch, Somerset, and her daughter married Sir Roger Seymour.
Bramsell House, Hampshire
21 Oct 1535
Bramsell House was the home of another Somerset family – Daubeney – from the same area of the west country. Henry and Anne’s host Henry Daubeney would be advanced as Earl of Bridgewater (in Somerset) in July 1538. He was the eldest son and heir of William Daubeney of South Petherton and Barrington Court in Somerset and his wife Alice Stourton, co-heiresses of John Stourton of Preston Plucknett in Somerset.
Elvetham House, Hampshire
22 Oct 1535
Another Seymour property, which came to them by their matrimonial union with the Sturmy family.
23 Oct 1535
This estate, near Bracknell, was part of Windsor Forest and was reserved for royal hunting.
Departing for Windsor
25 Oct 1535
Almost home, the party broke up after four months on the road, probably going their separate ways from here. The king was back at Windsor by 31 October.