Henry VIII,the Reign
Warrior Pope Julius II Died
21 February 1513
Born Giuliano della Rovere and nicknamed ‘The Fearsome Pope’ and ‘The Warrior Pope’, Julius II had been pope since 1 November 1503. His papacy was marked by an active foreign policy, ambitious building projects and patronage for the arts. He commissioned the destruction and rebuilding of St. Peter's Basilica and Michelangelo’s decoration of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
Anne Boleyn at Mechelen
Anne Boleyn was admitted to the court of Margaret Habsburg of Austria at Mechelen, midway
between Antwerp and Brussels.
9 March 1513
Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici became the new pope, Leo X.
Charles also at Mechelen
Archduke Charles (the future Charles V), fifteen - years-of-age, was also at Mechelen. Margaret was the sister of his late father, Phillip.
Boleyn in Treaty with New Pope Medici,Maximilian & Ferdinand
5 April 1513.
At Mechelen, an agreement was reached, negotiated by Thomas Boleyn and Margaret Habsburg, that the pope, Maximilian, Ferdinand and Henry would all attack France from different sides. Sworn at St Paul's on 25 April. An ambassador signed for Ferdinand.
Spanish Duplicity with France
Three weeks before the St Paul’s treaty, Ferdinand had agreed a truce for one year with France.
Lord Admiral Sir Edward Howard Drowned
25 April 1513
During fighting with the French, Admiral Edward Howard was forced overboard and drowned because of the weight of his armour. Both his body and his silver whistle, the Lord Admiral's badge of office, were found three days later and delivered to Bidoux at Le Conquet, who sent the armour as a trophy to Princess Claude, the French king's daughter and Francis I’s future wife, and the whistle to Queen Anne.
Thomas Howard is New Lord Admiral
4 May 1513
In place of his deceased brother, Thomas Howard was appointed Lord Admiral.
Henry VIII Invaded France
30 June 1513.
Henry VIII landed at Calais to lead an army of 40,000 into France; Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian joined him.
Battle of Spurs
16 August 1513
Henry VIII and Margaret's father, Maximilian, Holy Roman Emperor, joined forces at Guinegatte. The French army fled the field.
Henry VIII Took Tournai
A party at Lille followed. Margaret Archduchess of Austria joined victory celebrations at Lille with her ladies. Anne Boleyn probably also attended.
Charles Wants a Wife not a Mother
6 September 1513
Archduke Charles of Burgundy, thirteen years of age and the future Charles V, was reported to say that he wanted a wife not a mother and would not take Henry's sister Mary, seventeen years old, to be his wife.
Battle of Flodden
9 September 1513
Led by Catherine, Queen Regent of England, Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey, his son Thomas Howard, Lord High Admiral, Thomas Dacre, second Baron Dacre, Sir Edward Stanley, Marmaduke Constable and Edmund Howard, the Scots were defeated at Flodden while Henry was in France. Catherine was regent in his absence and James IV, King of Scotland, married to Henry VIII's sister Margaret, was killed.