Henry VIII,the Reign
The Royal Progress 1535
Winchester and Bishops Waltham Hampshire
12-16 Sep and 25-30 Sep 1535
Winchester is an ancient capital of England with a magnificent cathedral. During the Rout of Winchester on 14 September 1141, the army of imprisoned King Stephen of England – led by his wife (Queen Matilda of Boulogne), his brother (Bishop Henry of Blois) and William of Ypres – faced the army of Stephen’s cousin, Empress Matilda, whose forces were commanded by her half-brother, Earl Robert of Gloucester. After Empress Matilda’s army besieged a castle on the edge of Winchester, Queen Matilda’s army arrived and blockaded the Angevin army within the city. Cut off from its supplies, the Angevin army gave up the siege, then was crushed as it began to retreat. Robert of Gloucester was captured and subsequently exchanged for Stephen, who was returned to the throne of England.
Winchester was ‘now the setting for one of the most remarkable scenes of the reformation’. (David Starkey: Six Wives: The Queens of Henry VIII, page 538)