Henry VIII, the Reign
Pilgrimage of Grace, the Causes
Pontefract 24 Articles
In 1536 most of northern England rose up in a rebellion that could have ousted the government of Henry VIII.
Thomas Cromwell was at the helm of government in England, the work of the Reformation Parliament was done the break from Rome was complete and now he set about the destruction of the monasteries and all the traditions those great buildings had housed and represented for centuries.
In 1536 the protestant Seymour faction of Wolf Hall was in the ascendance and the conservative Howard influence on the wane.
Henry VIII’s son Henry Fitzroy had been Lord President of the Council of the North which had its headquarters at Sherriff Hutton in Yorkshire and his mother Elizabeth (Bessie) Blount lived at Kyme Castle in the heart of Lincolnshire where it all began.
Henry Fitzroy died suddenly a few weeks before the rebellion began.
Many reasons have been attributed to the causes of the Pilgrimage of Grace but the overriding objective was to be rid of Thomas Cromwell’s reforming regime and so restore the old religious doctrine and save the monasteries.
Here are the 24 demands made by the rebels from Pontefract Castle at the height of the insurgence
The Pilgrims' Demands:--
1. "The first touching our faith":—To have the heresies of "Luther, Wyclif, Husse, Malangton, Elicampadus (sic), Bucerus, Confessa Germanie, Apolugia Malanctons, the works of Tyndall, of Barnys, of Marshall, Raskell, Seynt Germayne, and such other heresies of Anibaptist," destroyed.
2. The supremacy of the Church touching "cura animarum" to be reserved to the See of Rome as before. The consecrations of the bishops to be from him, without any first fruits or pension to be paid to him, or else a reasonable pension for the outward defence of the Faith.
3. That lady Mary may be made legitimate, and the former statute therein annulled for the danger of the title that might incur to the crown of Scotland: that to be by parliament.
4. The suppressed abbeys to be restored to their houses, lands, and goods.
5. To have the tenths and first fruits clearly discharged of the same, unless the clergy will grant a rentcharge in generality to the augmentation of the Crown.
6. To have the Friars Observants restored to their houses.
7. To have the heretics, bishops and temporal, and their sect, to have condign punishment by fire or such other, or else to try the quarrel with us and our part-takers in battle.
8. Lord Cromwell, the Lord Chancellor, and Sir Ric. Riche to have condign punishment, as subverters of the good laws of the realm and maintainers and inventors of heretics.
9. That the lands in Westmoreland, Cumberland, Kendall, Dent, Sedber, Fornes, and the abbey lands in Mashamshire, Kyrkbyshire, Notherdale, may be by tenant right, and the lord to have, at every change two years' rent for "gressom,"1according to the grant now made by the lords to the commons there. This to be done by Act of Parliament.
10. The statutes of handguns and crossbows to be repealed, except in the King's forests or parks.
11. That Dr. Lighe and Dr. Layton have condign punishment for their extortions from religious houses and other abominable acts.
12. Reformation for the election of knights of the shire and burgesses, and for the use among the lords in the parliament house after their ancient custom.
13. The statute for inclosures and intacks to be put in execution, and all inclosures and intacks since 4 Hen. VII., to be pulled down "except mountains, forests, and parks."
14. To be discharged of the quinzine and taxes now granted by Act of Parliament.
15. To have a parliament at Nottingham or York, and that shortly.
16. The statute of the declaration of the crown by will to be repealed.
17. Pardon by Act of Parliament for all recognisances, statutes and penalties new forfeited during the time of this commotion.
18. The privileges and rights of the Church to be confirmed by Act of Parliament. Priests not to suffer by sword unless degraded. A man to be saved by his book. "Sanctuary to save a man for all causes in extreme need, and the Church for 40 days, and further according to the laws as they were used in the beginning of this King's days."
19. The liberties of the Church to have their old customs as the county palatine at Durham, Beverlay, Rippon, St. Peter of York, and such other by Act of Parliament.
20. To have the statute "That no man shall not will his lands," repealed.
21. The statutes of treasons for words and such like made since 21 Hen. VIII., to be repealed.
22. That the common laws may have place as was used in the beginning of the reign, and that no injunctions be granted unless the matter has been determined in Chancery.
23. That men north of Trent summoned on subpoena appear at York, or by attorney, unless it be directed on pain of allegiance, or for like matters concerning the King.
24. A remedy against escheators for finding false offices and extorting fees.